Thursday, May 3, 2012
HOW SB 923 WILL PROTECT INJURED WORKERS OUT OF THE HEALTHCARE THEY ALREADY HAVE
THE INJURED WORKERS WHO WILL BE HARMED MOST IF SB 923 (De Leon) becomes law are those whose jobs predispose them to serious injuries, e.g., construction workers and farmers, telephone repair workers, restaurant workers, freight handlers, even health care personnel (one health care worker was killed on the job in 2011) and other maintenance workers. SB 923 should bite the dust this year just as it did last year.
Ostensibly, the reason for SB 923 is to enable use of the Medicare RBRVS to pay for physicians' services to injured workers. The idea is to reduce payment to specialists so that payment to primary treating physicians (PTPs) can be increased. The proposed mechanism is to replace the current Office Medical Fee Schedule (OMFS) with the Medicare RBRVS.
But there's a catch. While SB 923 will reduce payment to specialists, it will not necessarily increase pay to the PTPs. In fact, the bill as currently written does not guarantee this outcome. In a personal letter by this writer to Daniel Crowley, Chairman and CEO of US HealthWorks, 6/24/2011, it was pointed out that SB 923 will cause specialists to withdraw from providing services to injured workers. Speaking to one of the committees that heard the bill last year, Stuart Bussey, MD, JD, president of the Union of American Physicians and Dentists, Local 206 of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME, AFL-CIO) acknowledged that SB 923 might give PTPs a temporary "boost." Bussey also said that it would leave him, as a PTP, "holding the bag" for malpractice when he couldn't get specialists in timely fashion for seriously injured workers. Eventually, the UAPD went "neutral" or "watch" on the bill. The bill failed when a consortium of opponents teamed up to oppose it, an unlikely coalition led by the California Society of Industrial Medicine and Surgery (CSIMS).
Opposition to SB 923 also included the California Medical Association, the California Orthopedic Association, the California Chiropractic Association, the California Neurology Society, the Interfaith Community of Los Angeles, the League of United Latin American Citizens, Voters Injured at Work, Latino Comp, La Raza Roundtable, and numerous individuals including injured workers who understood that the bill would protect them out of the healthcare protection they already had.
The Other Catch is how SB 923 is sponsored and how US Health Works gets paid. When USHW gets paid for providing care to injured workers, a portion of the money goes to the non-physician management company and to the investors who own the USHW clinics. Not all the money that the Medicare RBRVS conversion raises would go to the PTPs. Payment for management services is paid by the physicians, the PTPs. SB 923 as written doesn't preclude USHW from increasing its management fees to the PTPs. Once the doctors' group has received this pay increase thanks to passage of SB 923 the next step will be to share it with the management group. Some pundits think that this factor is the real reason USHW executives are pushing for passage of SB 923.
Does the OMFS pay too much? The OMFS was set up in 1975 as a market-based mechanism (the Medicare RBRVS is not). Specialists are paid 5% less for specialty procedures now than they were in 1986. By contrast, the Evaluation and Management codes (E & M codes) for PTPs have been increased three times since 1986.
Unpredicted consequences of SB 923 are likely to include loss of Medical Provider Networks (MPNs) when the MPNs lose enough specialists such that they no longer meet the standards of the Labor Code pursuant to the reforms implemented during the Schwarzenegger years since 2004 and passage into law of SB 899. Some states such as Hawaii and Texas had to revise their Medicare-based fee schedules to bring the specialists back in -- thereby defeating the very purpose of having voted in the Medicare RBRVS. The anticipated reductions in pay to the specialists would be from 20 to 48% under SB 923 -- at that rate many specialists would be obliged to quit the program. Robbing Peter to pay Paul is not sound economic policy.
Conclusion: SB 923 qualifies for our "bite the dust" recommendation. The OMFS is already low cost. Updating it is recommended. Getting rid of it would endanger the provision of care to injured workers.