MONEY AND MEDICINE: a new series in keeping financial score.
Assets of boards that are members of the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) according to IRS Form 990 for 2009.
Total assets of the American Board of Internal Medicine were $57,586,843. Total assets for the American Board of Pediatrics were $41,759,971. It is reasonable to ask how this money was earned.
The Chairman of the American Board of Medical Specialties was paid about $800,000 (OK, maybe a little over that) whereas the Chairman of the American Board of Allergy and Immunology was paid $98,000 (OK, OK, he reportedly worked about two hours per week). The Chairman of the holding board, the ABMS, received salary of $492,517. It is also reasonable to ask what tasks these chairholders undertook for this level of payment.
As to how the money was earned, our information is that recertification for an allergist in 2011 cost $2,700 while maintenance of certification cost $2,850. These costs don't include costs of courses to prepare for the exams. The boards have found it even more profitable when they oblige their members to take recertifcation exams on a periodic basis with new fees each time.
Reference: Dubravic, Martin, MD: J of American Physicians and Surgeons, V. 16, # 2, Summer 2011, "Board Certification ... A Malignant Growth,"
How about Hospital Administrators?
Hospital adminstrators and CEOs basically command a force of state-licensed professionals including nurses, physicians, and technologists. Yet there is no requirement that the CEO be board-certified or state-licensed. This discrepancy came to light recently at Washington Hospital in Fremont, California where the hospital non-physician CEO was recommended for a salary increase from $614,000 per year to $632,000 with total compensation set at about $857,000 with $245,502 in performance bonuses.
Reference: Artz, Matthew: San Jose Mercury News, 12/27/12
Several years ago State Senator Dan McCorquodale authored legislation to require licensure of hospital administrators. The hospitals squawked loudly and poured money into defeat of the bill. All the same, there were unexpected supporters who also poured in money, e.g., universities that taught courses in hospital administration and that suddenly saw their walls papered with greenbacks. In the end, the issue became a "juice" bill with each side contributing money hand over fist.
How about the American Board of Medical Specialties?
The Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), non-profit private business entities, reported annual gross receipts in excess of $350,000,000 (see annual IRS Forms 990).
The FSMB reported a corporate lobbying budget of $221,222 although it provides no continuing medical education (CME) to physicians and no direct patient care.
How about the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)?
Gross receipts for JCAHO were reported at $148,737,915 according to its 2009 IRS Form 990.
References: Orient, Jane, MD: "White paper in opposition to Federation of State Medical Boards," J Am Phys Surg 2008: 13: 23-26.
Kempen, Paul Martin, MD, PhD: "Wrong methodologies to improve medical care."
Conclusions: financial incentives in medicine are now tied to factors other than clinical excellence. Caring for corporate health in medicine is the goal to which many otherwise superb clinicians are redirecting their efforts. Academic associations in addition to boards, seeking profitable affiliations and courting political influence, are pointing the way. These organizations have become profit centers. National organizations seek clones at the state and county levels. It is not unusual to find that a national academic organization seeks state and regional affiliates so that members pay dues at both national and state or regional levels.
Meanwhile, hospital CEOs eschew demands for licensure even though their responsibility is as much to the public as nurses, physicians, and technologists. In a state of flux such as this one, opportunities are abundant, but not in the care of patients. In due course specialty boards may seek empowerment to license clinical practitioners and in so doing reduce the authority of state boards or even render them obsolete.
Individual physicians may want to ask their specialty boards and national academies for copies of their IRS Forms 990, then learn how to interpret and use the knowledge for individual assertiveness.
Our intent is to update this piece from time to time and to include as many readers' comments as possible.